Territorial administration of Lebanon

Federation of municipalities

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General definition

The idea to establish federations of municipalities dates back to 1965 when Takieddine El Solh, in his capacity as Lebanese Minister of the Interior (1964-1965), called for the holding of a national congress on the municipalities in Lebanon.

In 1977, Legislative Decree No. 118 of 30 June, on municipalities, authorizes the creation of federations 1 to allow them to undertake projects that exceed the financial possibilities of a municipality. They can be in the form of major urban works, fight against fire, management of slaughterhouses, waste management, sanitation, sewerage systems development, road safety ...

Federations or unions are created by decree, or at the request of municipality (optional) or on top of the initiative of Minister of Interior (as necessary). They can constitute an unlimited number of cities and enjoy a legal status with financial and administrative autonomy. They exercise their powers in accordance with the Law on municipality (Article 114).

Federations of Municipalities in Lebanon

Three years after the promulgation of the Law of Municipalities, 6 federations were successively established (Kesrouane, Saida, West Bekaa, Chouf, Matn Ech Chemali and Es Sahli Oual Aoussat). The first federation was founded as the Federation of Municipalities of Al Kesrouane Fatouh, five months after the promulgation of the law, and it included all municipalities in the kadaa. Most federations formed at the time, were in areas near the capital of the country which wanted to take full advantage of these local power.

The current number of federations is 37. Note that 17 federations have emerged after the municipal elections of 1998, reflecting a genuine desire to restart these local institutions, and refers mainly to the return of the municipal culture.

Structure of the federation

The authority of the federation is like that of the municipality divided between the decision-making authority held by the chairmen of municipal councils and the executing authority held by the president of the federation.

1. Decision making power

A. The council of the federation

The power of decision lies at the council of the federation, which is composed of chairpersons of municipalities’ members of the Federation, or elected and appointed by the presidents of the concerned municipalities for the full mandate (Art. 119). The mandate of the council of the federation ends with the completion of the mandates of the municipal councils (Art. 115 & 117).

B. The authority of the Council of the Federation

The Council of the Federation include:

- Discuss projects of common interest to municipalities in the federation.
- Develop plans, prepare specifications and decide on expropriation necessary for the implementation of projects of common interest to municipalities in the federation.
- Establish the budget for the federation.
- Decide on vacant posts in the federation.
- Decide on the general urban plan of the federation.

Decisions taken by the Federation Council are binding for member municipalities (art. 128). It is subject to the same rules that govern the actions of municipal councils (art. 129).

2. The executive power of the federation

The president of the federation elected by majority vote of the board, holds the executive power. He is assisted by a team of officials, headed by a manager, this team is responsible for public health, engineering, administration of finance and the municipal police (Art. 121 to 125).

2. Financing of the Federation

In general the financing of the federation is composed of:

- 10% of actual income of each member municipality.
- An additional percentage of the budget of the member municipalities, which benefit from a collective project. The percentage is determined by the Council of the Federation with the consent of the Minister of the Interior.
- Funds, grants and other income allocated by public property of the federation.
- Revenue allocated to the federations by the autonomous fund of municipalities.
- Funds allocated by the state budget to the federations for development projects.
- Donations and personal wills.

List of union of municipalities

Federations of municipalities District Governorate
1 F.M.C.E.S. Chouf Mount Lebanon
2 Federation of Baalbek Municipalities Baalbek Baalbek-Hermel
3 Federation of Bcharreh District Municipalities Bcharreh North Lebanon
4 Federation of Bent-Jbayl District Municipalities Bent Jbayl Nabatiyeh
5 Federation of Beqaa El Aoussat Municipalities Zahleh Beqaa
6 Federation of Bouhayra Municipalities West Beqaa Beqaa
7 Federation of Charqeh Baalbek Municipalities Baalbek Baalbek-Hermel
8 Federation of Chouf El Aala Municipalities Chouf Mount Lebanon
9 Federation of Chouf Es Souayjani Municipalities Chouf Mount Lebanon
10 Federation of Dahiyeh Janoubiat Municipalities Baabda Mount Lebanon
11 Federation of Danniyeh Municipalities Minieh-Danniyeh North Lebanon
12 Federation of Ech Chalal Municipalities Baalbek Baalbek-Hermel
13 Federation of Ech Chqif Municipalities Nabatiyeh Nabatiyeh
14 Federation of Fiaa Municipalities Tripoli North Lebanon
15 Federation of Gharbeh Baalbek Municipalities Baalbek Baalbek-Hermel
16 Federation of Iqlim Et Touffah Municipalities Nabatiyeh Nabatiyeh
17 Federation of Jabal Aamel Municipalities Marjaayoun Nabatiyeh
18 Federation of Jabal El Rihan Jezzine South Lebanon
19 Federation of Jbayl District Municipalities Jbeil (Byblos) Mount Lebanon
20 Federation of Jezzine Municipalities Jezzine South Lebanon
21 Federation of Jourd El Aala - Bhamdoun Municipalities Aaley Mount Lebanon
22 Federation of Keserwan Municipalities Keserwan Mount Lebanon
23 Federation of Koura Municipalities Koura North Lebanon
24 Federation of Mantaket Batroun Municipalities Batroun North Lebanon
25 Federation of Mantaqat El Joumat municipalities Aakkar Aakkar
26 Federation of Matn Ech Chemali Es Sahli Oual Aoussat Municipalities Matn Mount Lebanon
27 Federation of Matn El Aala Municipalities Baabda Mount Lebanon
28 Federation of Minieh Municipalities Minieh-Danniyeh North Lebanon
29 Federation of Municipalities of Sahel El Matn El Janoubi Baabda Mount Lebanon
30 Federation of North Iqlim El Kharroub Municipalities Chouf Mount Lebanon
31 Federation of Sahel Municipalities West Beqaa Beqaa
32 Federation of Sahel Zgharta District Municipalities Zgharta North Lebanon
33 Federation of Saida El Zahrani Municipalities Saida (Sidon) South Lebanon
34 Federation of South Iqlim El Kharroub Municipalities Chouf Mount Lebanon
35 Federation of Tyr (Sour) District Municipalities Tyr (Sour) South Lebanon
36 Federation of Zahleh District Municipalities Zahleh Beqaa

Footnotes and references

↑ 1 Article 114

In 1977, Legislative Decree No. 118 of 30 June, on municipalities, authorizes the establishment of federations 1 to allow them to undertake projects that exceed the financial possibilities of a municipality. They can be in the form of major urban works, fight against fire, management of slaughterhouses, waste management, sanitation, sewerage systems development, road safety ...