Territorial administration of Lebanon  |  Lebanon  |  South Lebanon Governorate  |  Tyr (Sour) District

Qana

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Qana is a Lebanese local authority which is located in Tyr (Sour) District (Qada'a), an administrative division of South Lebanon Governorate (Mohafazah).

Location

Distance from Beirut Altitude (meters) Surface (ha)

Municipality address

Sources : Office of the Minister of State for Administrative Reform (OMSAR)
Phone Number Fax Number E-Mail Web sites

Données électorales

Sources : Ministry of Interior and Municipalities (Republic of Lebanon)
Données électorales 2010
Registered voters Effectifs du conseil municipal Effectifs moukhtar
Données électorales 2016
Registered voters Effectifs du conseil municipal Effectifs moukhtar

Education

Sources : Central Administration of Statistics (Lebanese Presidency of the Council of Ministers) - Office of the Minister of State for Administrative Reform (OMSAR)
Educational establishments (2006) Public Private Students schooled in the public schools Students schooled in the private schools

Higher Educational Institute Public Private

Last modification : 28/04/2007

Location

Qana is located in the caza of Tyre within the mohafaza of South Lebanon. It is 14 km away from the center of the caza and 92 km from the capital, Beirut. Qana stands at an altitude of 300 meters and the town’s size is approximately 1,100 hectares. Surrounding villages include Hanaway, Deir Kanoun, Rmadiyyeh, Deir Amess and Siddikine.

Residents

The registered population is an estimated 7,700 (based on the number of voters in the year 2000 that reached around 4,940). The resident population does not exceed 3,800 and the number of households is estimated at 620. In terms of confession, Shiites consitite 95% of Qana’s resident population, but the registered population is distributed as follows:

• Shiite: 83%
• Catholic: 13%
• Maronites: 1%
• Other confessions: 3%

One can count approximately 100 families in Qana, with the largest, based on the number of voters, being the following: Attieh (580 voters), Borji (200 voters), Chalhoub (196 voters), Abdel Rida (186 voters), Sa’egh (184 voters), Jaber (158 voters), Zaarour (134 voters), Hammoud (130 voters), Dakhlallah (124 voters), Haidar (116 voters), Adib (104 voters), Salami (103 voters), Ftouni (78 voters), Madi (71 voters), Hodroj (69 voters), Haddad (152 voters), Boutros (77 voters), Shami (72 voters), and Hajj (66 voters).

Local Authorities

The local administration in Qana is headed by a Municipal Council composed of 15 members and headed by Dr. Salah Salami. In addition, the town has four mayors: Afif Haddad, Ali Ismail, Ali Attieh and Kamel Ftouni.

Educational Sector

There are two public schools in Qana (Qana Public High School with around 600 students and the Public Intermediate School of Qana that has approximately 550 students), and two private schools (Jabal Amel Typical school which is subsidized and numbers 370 students and Jabal Amel High School with 142 students).

Service and Trade Institutions

The number of service and trade institutions in the town are estimated to be in the region of 263, dealing mainly in the fabric trade and clothing (26), food products (51), restaurants (7), barber shops (9), household items (14), bakeries and butcheries (12), pharmacies (4), smithery and mechanics (19), sawmills and galleries (13), gas stations (4), smithery and aluminum (11), libraries (4).

Agricultural Sector

The municipality of Qana owns approximately 23% of the town’s total area. Agricultural land constitutes 37% of the terrain and land ownership is distributed among approximately 220 families i.e. the town’s real estate is owned by 22% of the families in the town.

Olive cultivation consumes around 65% of agricultural land, with 15% for grains and 20% for tobacco. In addition, 62 people are employed in the agriculture sector, which is approximately 7% of the labor force.

Clubs and Associations

There are seven associations in the village of Qana distributed as follows: Qana sports club, Qana’s agricultural cooperative, Association of Qana El Jalil, El Jalil club (non-active), as well as the family associations of the Attieh, Hammoud and Zaarour families.

Ruins of Qana

There are natural, rock-dug caves to be found in Qana that carry old inscriptions. It is said that Jesus Christ’s first miracle took place at a wedding ceremony in one of these caves. Moreover, the tomb of King Hiram of Tyre can be found at the outskirts of the town and in the neighboring village of Hanaway.

There are also two mosques in Qana, as well as the Saint Joseph Church for Catholics.

Characteristics of Qana

Qana can be characterized by the high emigration rates it has seen, dating back to the 1920s. Increasing progressively, the current number of those who have emigrated has reached 2,500 people, which is equivalent to 32% of the registered population.

Main destinations for Qana residents include the Cote D’Ivoire (46%), Senegal (15%), Saudi Arabia (6%), the United States (6%), Zaire (5%) as well as other countries (Sierra Leone, Kuwait, Liberia, Nigeria, France and the U.K.).

Finally, Qana’s name has become synonymous with the deaths of 100 of its residents under the Israeli ‘Grapes of Wrath’ bombardment in April 1996.

Qana’s Road network map :

Qana’s Map of desertification risk :

Qana’s Map of rivers and springs :